Eco Stone Paper 140314 Full PaperR2

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Trial and error Characterisation of Polyethylene Terephthalate

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(PET) Bottle Eco-Bricks

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Jonathan Taaffe1, Seán O'Sullivan1, Muhammad Ekhlasur Rahman2 and Vikram

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Pakrashi1*

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of Engineering, University School Cork, Ireland

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Dynamical Devices and Risk Laboratory, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University

School of Engineering & Science, Curtin University Sarawak, Malaysia

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Corresponding Author: Dr . Vikram Pakrashi, Lecturer in Structural Architectural,

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Section of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University College Natural, Ireland.

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Phone: +353(0)214903862 Email: Sixth is v. [email protected] for example Fax: +353(0)214276648

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This kind of paper address the issue of taking waste plastic-type material by thinking about the feasibility of

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use of Eco-bricks for constructional reasons. The Eco-bricks are created by packaging

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plastic-type material within Polyethylene Terephtalate (PET) bottles. Rules were presented to the

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construction of Eco-bricks. Tests were completed to characterise some of the

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properties of those bricks. Compression test, sound insulation analysis and light

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transmission had been considered regarding this and compared with traditional construction

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materials and circumstances. Possible applications of Eco-bricks were discussed. The paper

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presents the first make an effort to characterise these kinds of bricks as well as the results motivate future employ

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of which to a considerably wider magnitude and for different purposes.

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Keywords: Plastic squander, Compressive Test, Sound Insulation, Light Transmission, Eco-

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brick

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1 . Introduction

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Waste managing problems related to high production of plastic is an extremely

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important global challenge [1-4] and taking or restoration [5] paths of plastic material solid

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waste had been highlighted with a number of experts [6]. The mineralisation rate

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from long term biodegradation tests of both Ultra-Violet (UV)-irradiated samples,

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non-pre-treated, and additive-free low density polyethylene samples, in natural soil

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reveal it is likely to take more than a century [7]. In the last two decades both reducing

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landfill capacity and concern of general environmental concerns have ended in the United 2

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States plus the European Union (EU) introducing fresh legislations to advertise waste

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reduction [2, 9]. The impact of plastics upon primary and secondary co2 footprint is also

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a critical factor that has been highlighted by simply researchers [3]. Very dense

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Polyethylene (HDPE), Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) and Linear Low Density

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Polyethylene (LLDPE) are traditionally used for the manufacture of plastic luggage [10].

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Grocery stores shopping hand bags, the most prevalent type of plastic-type material bag, will be ideally made

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away of LLDPE to obtain the wanted thickness and glossy complete. LDPE is often used in the event

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the producer is looking for a very skinny and gauzy bag [11]. Existence Cycle Evaluation can

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provide important insights towards the effects of this sort of plastic items [12-14]. Consumer

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behaviour and governmental plans have an natural part in the disposal stage. Intended for

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case in point in Ireland in europe a plastic-type material bag garnishment was first presented on next March 2002 at the rate

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of 15 dollar per throw-away plastic handbag. It had an immediate effect on buyer behaviour

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with a reduction in plastic handbag usage by an estimated 328 bags per capita to 21 bags per

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capita over night. The current garnishment of 22 cent was presented on 1 July, 3 years ago. It was

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increased as the bags every capita got increased to 31 during 2006. The aim of the increase

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is to decrease the plastic carrier per capita usage to 21 or perhaps lower [15]. This kind of number could possibly be

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compared to the equivalents in China and India while...

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plastics mixes by damp shaking table

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plastic stable waste (PSW): A review

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November 2008 about waste and repealing particular directives.

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in Chinese suppliers, Hong Kong and India

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10. Dilli, R., 2007. Comparison of existing your life cycle evaluation of buying bag

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in the framework of a Euro recycling world: Comparing outcomes and uncertainties in a

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review. Waste Managing 28, 1835–1852.

17. Hannawi, K., Kamali-Bernard, S., Prince, W., 2010. Physical and mechanical

real estate of mortars containing FAMILY PET and LAPTOP OR COMPUTER waste aggregates

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composites to get building supplies

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waste materials plastic in cementitious concrete composites

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Managing 30, 1101–1106.

21. Akcaozog˘lu, S., Atis, C. D., Akcaozog˘lu, E., 2010. An investigation on the make use of

shredded waste PET bottles as aggregate in light-weight concrete

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aggregate substitute

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mixed soil

25. POLLI-Brick. (2011). Polli-brick.

http://www.miniwiz.com/miniwiz/en/products/living/polli-brick.(Date of access

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sections: the practical application of ground-penetrating radar and ultrasonic techniques.

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32. NetWell Noise Control. 2012. Decibel Chart by NetWell Noise Control:

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thirty four. Ahmadinia E., Zargar., Karim M. Ur., Abdelaziz Meters., Shafig G., 2011. Applying waste

plastic containers as component for natural stone mastic concrete

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recycled polyethylene terephthalate reinforced with clear fruit number

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get worse in mortars composition: Impact on physical and mechanical real estate.

37. Maskell D., Heath A., Walker P., (2013). Laboratory scale testing of extruded globe

masonry units

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Rocha Farreneheit., 2013

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